Striped Bass Catch and Release Tactics can aid the survival of released striped bass
with careful planning, fishing and handling methods.
Stripers can die from injury or from the stress of being hooked, fought and landed.
Stress-related mortality increases
greatly when water temperatures exceed 70F and is also greater in freshwater than in brackish water.
Infection and disease can result in mortality of fish whose protective
slime coat is removed during handling. The chances that released fish will survive will be
increased greatly by following these guidelines. Ideally, fish are landed quickly, handled
little, if at all, and kept in the water while the hook is removed using a de-hooker
and barbless hooks.
Catch and release of Striped
Bass does not work near as good as water temperatures increase or fish are caught from deep water. During warm water or deep water periods catch and release is not recommended unless you learn how and take the time to do it right. In most states it is
against state game laws to knowing waste edible game fish.
PLANNING YOUR TRIP
- Know the fishing regulations and be prepared to release fish.
- Striper catch-and-release fishing trip work best in early spring, late fall or winter
when water is less than 70F.
- Use strong enough tackle and land fish quickly to minimize stress.
- Use "circle" hooks
or better yet "barb-less" hooks whenever possible.
- Don't use stainless steel hooks - Stainless Steel hooks won't deteriorate.
- If you tournament fish there is a device called the
"Striper Tube" That could help in keeping
Striped Bass alive for weigh in and release.
- Use artificial lures instead of live bait to reduce deep hooking.
- Replace treble hooks with large, single barb-less hooks to reduce injury and handling.
- If legal, keep fish that are bleeding heavily as their chances of survival are poor.
HANDLING AND RELEASING STRIPERS
- Don't remove the fish from the water.
- If you want to weigh the fish, weight the fish in your soft mesh net. Then place the
fish back in the water gently.
- Lip land your catch or soft mesh nets..
- Release as soon as possible.!
Keep the amount of handling to a minimum and keep fish in the water if at all possible.
- Do not allow the fish to thrash around.
If you must handle it use wet gloves or a wet
Stripers can be calmed down by covering their eyes and/or turning them on their back.
REMOVING THE HOOK
- Carefully, but quickly, remove hooks using a de-hooker, needle nose pliers or forceps.
- Whenever possible remove hooks in the throat or gut using a de-hooker.
- Cut the line if you cannot carefully or quickly remove hooks.
Learn and practice catch-and-release fishing techniques and teach them
to your children and friends.
With the increasing popularity of "The Catch and
Release Program", you may be forced to make a difficult decision when deciding
whether to keep or release that Trophy Fish. You do have the option of taking a photo to
prove you had temporary possession of the wall-hanger, which will shore up your
credibility when you share your adventure with your friends and neighbors. Another option
Reproduction, which allows you to release the trophy, and keep a mount. A
fiberglass fish reproduction is an extremely durable, long lasting alternative to
traditional skin mounts. The replica will withstand hot or cold climates and will never
deteriorate or shrink. In some cases they are less expensive than a conventional mount.
Lactic Acid Build up in Striped Bass
High muscular activity and stress during fighting
causes disturbances in fish tissues and organs. These changes occur in the fishes blood
and may be severe enough to alter normal physiology and behavior and ultimately
compromise survival. In some cases, fish may die, either on the line or more likely after
release. Changes in blood chemistry can be compared to several variables which are
associated with the fight such as tackle type, fight time, water temperature, and fish
size. Findings show that these fish exhibit fluctuations in blood pH and blood levels of
hormones, electrolytes, and metabolites due to the fights associated with rod and reel
angling. For example, the metabolic byproduct of anaerobic glycolysis is lactic acid.
Rough handling of fish, internal hook damage, and excessive time out of water can cause
irreparable damage to a fish that is released. Recovery may take days or months if the
fish survives at all, and will require a metabolic cost. Physiological stress can be
minimized by reducing fight and handling time. However, physical trauma can only be
reduced through conscious efforts of anglers when choosing to release a fish. Hook design,
handling methods, and experience all play a major role in proper release of
Air Bladder Of The Striped Bass
Striped Bass maintain their relative depth in
the water column by adjusting the volume and pressure of gas in their air bladder in order
to maintain a neutral buoyancy. To maintain equilibrium at increasing depths where the gas
in the air bladder would be compressed, greater gas pressure is required in the air
bladder. Conversely, at shallow depths less pressure is required as the gas in the air
bladder expands. The air bladder occupies approximately 4 to 6% of the total volume of the
fish. Quick vertical movements without adjustment to the rates of secretion of gas
into, or re-absorption of gas from, the air bladder. However the magnitude of these
movements may be related to the depth of the fish. The rapid removal from deep water at a
rate far in excess of the rate that the fish can actively remove gas from the air bladder.
Often the result is an excessively inflated air bladder that may distend the abdomen, or
force the air bladder and gut lining to protrude out of the mouth. The probability of
survival for a fish released with a distended air bladder is not high. The fish may
reabsorb the excess gas in time.
Some people claim they can release the air from the
bladder by poking a hole in the fish with a needle but a tear in the gut wall would
readily allow water to penetrate the internal body cavity of the fish. This would
most likely lead to the entry of water into the body cavity resulting in death of the
The below information is provided by the Oklahoma
Department of Wildlife Conservation about
releasing air from the air bladder.
Striped bass like most fishes, adjust their buoyancy so they
can maintain their vertical position in the water without actively swimming.
Stripers adjust their buoyancy by the gas bladder. The gas bladder in fish
operates like a buoyancy compensating device used by a SCUBA diver. As depth
increases and the gas compresses (occupies less volume). To maintain neutral
buoyancy, the fish adds gas to the gas bladder. When the fish ascends,
pressure decreases, the volume of gas in the bladder expands, and buoyancy
increases. Stripers can remove gas from the bladder with the gas gland, but
this a relatively slow process. Therefore, a striper quickly displaced from
deepwater to shallow water is helplessly buoyant and suffers “the bends.”
Behavioral symptoms of stripers with buoyancy problems include fish that
remain at the surface after release and fish that lie on their side or
assume a “head-down” posture.
These fish can be depressurized by using a #18 gauge hypodermic needle
having a length of 1 ½ to 2 inches. Insert the needle under a scale, through
the skin and into the body cavity to puncture the gas bladder.
The location of insertion is important, because sticking a vital organ, such
as the closely located kidney can kill the fish. To locate the point of
insertion insert the needle where the tip of the pectoral fin touches the
2nd stripe below the lateral line.
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