Dr. Livingston Stone - Fish Culturist. Pioneer in Striped Bass Stocking.
Dr. Livingston Stone was born in Massachusetts in 1836/ he graduated from Harvard in 1857, entered Meadville Theological School, and was ordained a Unitarian Minister, He resigned his clerical duties in 1866 and began a career in fish culture.
In 1870, Dr. Stone was one of the founders of the
American Fisheries Society striped bass, its first secretary and one of the drafters of its constitution.
In 1873, he was assigned the task of moving fish across the continent by railroad.
Livingston Stone is known as the "Father of Fish Culture on the Pacific Coast."
Dr. Livingston Stone also deserves special recognition for his first-hand account of his disastrous first attempt to transport fish to the Pacific Coast In 1873, in a well-equipped aquarium train car paid for by the California Fish Commission.
Like a modern day Noah, Dr. Livingston Stone loaded the aquarium train car with an assortment of East Coast fish intending to transport them to California.
"After leaving Omaha, we stowed away as well as we could the immense amount of ice we had on the car; and, having regulated the temperature of all the tanks, and aerated the
water all around, we made our tea and were sitting down to dinner, when suddenly there came a terrible crash, and tanks, ice, and everything in the car seemed to strike us in
every direction. We were, every one of us, at once wedged in by the heavy weights upon us, so that we could not move or stir. A moment after, the car began to fill rapidly with
water, the heavy weights upon us began to loosen, and, in some unaccountable way, we were washed out into the river. Swimming around our car, we climbed up on one end of it, which
was still out of water, and looked around to see where we were. We found our car detached from the train and nearly all under water, both couplings having parted. The tender [car
for carrying fuel and water behind the engine] was out of sight, and the upper end of our car resting on it. The engine was three-fourths underwater, and one man in the engine-cab
crushed to death. Two men were floating down the swift current in a drowning condition, and the balance of the train still stood on the track, with the forward car within a very
few inches of the waters edge. The Westinghouse air-brake had saved the train. If we had been without it, the destruction would have been fearful. "One look was
sufficient to show that the contents of the aquarium-car were a total loss.
G.H. Collins and several other men leased a lake one mile from Millard Station and transferred what
fish they could. The lease was for 10 -15 years. The area was to be developed into a summer resort..
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