The key to keeping warm in cold weather is dressing in layers.
Layering is your best protection against cold weather?
Trap the dry air.
Several lighter layers will keep you warmer
than one very thick one.
Good cold weather clothing is designed to
trap warm, dry air among its fibers and between its layers.
This trapped air
insulates the body against heat loss and prevents cold discomfort.
Goal is to minimize weight and maximize
Hunting Clothing at Basspro.com
acronym COLD when dressing for cold
Layer clothing for maximum warmth and flexibility in cold weather.
Layering allows you to adjust to various temperatures during
the day allowing you to add and remove items to stay in your comfort zone.
No hat or the wrong hat is a big mistake.
Covering our head and neck is important, and the lower the temperatures that we
are exposed to, the more important it is.
A hat and scarf/neck
gaiter can keep heat lost
the head and neck.
A balaclava will add warmth.
Use a microfleece / wool pull on style head-cover.
Mittens or Glittens / Glomitts help keep hands warmer than gloves.
The best prevention against conductive heat loss is the use of minimally
compressible insulation in the palms of your gloves or mitts with easily
compressible insulation for the back of the hand
Glomitts Half glove, half mitten - fingerless
gloves with a mitten flip-top in the water proof with thumb flap combined
with hot pockets are ideal.
Wear Water Proof Boots with good insulating properties and a Good pair of
Merino Wool Socks.
you can wiggle your toes with socks on.
First Layer - the underwear
Wear long underwear made of silk or lightweight, moisture-wicking
polyester. Including socks.
With the exception of natural silk, manmade
fibers do a better job.
The polypropylene base-layer garments of a few years ago
have been replaced with improved material like Thermasta™ and
the newest compression garments that fit like a second skin.
I’m a fan of a silk base
and wool layers.
Silk is form-fitting without the tightness of compression garments
Your underwear should be synthetic fabric, silk or wool, no cotton or
The first layers main purpose is to wick perspiration away from
the body so it passes to the next layer.
NO COTTON FABRICS.
Cotton is a poor cold-weather clothing choice, not even as underwear, it
does not wick moisture and contains very little air if it gets wet.
sweat and won't dry quickly.
The Second cold weather Layer is the Insulation layer.
The insulation layer must create space to trap warm air from
escaping but allow perspiration in the form of water vapor to pass to the next
Natural wool remains an effective insulator.
Today’s best insulation materials are Polar
Fleece or Thinsulate™ they retain warmth without weight or bulk.
Quality fleece is relatively inexpensive, it readily allows water
vapor to pass through, it retains insulating abilities when wet, and it dries
Vests, hats, neck gators, long pants and pull-over/zippered tops
are all available in fleece.
The outermost layer must be windproof and
waterproof, yet breathable so all that perspiration can escape—otherwise inner
layers will become damp and you’ll end up shivering.
The proper outer shell
material will prevent rain (large water molecules) from passing through while
allowing water vapor (smaller molecules)to pass to the outside.
High-tech materials that can do this:
Rubberized outer shells
Putting on a
rubberized outer shell creates a waterproof barrier for sure, but at the same
time it doesn’t let moisture escape..
To be comfortable,
layering must extend to the entire body.
You must include long-sleeve tops and
And don’t forget the appropriate sock
before slipping your foot into a shoe or boot.
Use an additional waterproof
layer during prolonged, hard rain.
Good Rain suits with a good Rain poncho works
Back to COLD
Keep skin covered:
hat or other protective covering to prevent body heat from escaping from
your head, face and neck.
Cover your hands with mittens instead of gloves.
Mittens are more effective than gloves are because mittens keep your fingers
in closer contact with one another.
Keep your clothes clean, dirt and grease
fill up air spaces and weaken insulation.
Another key to staying warm is moisture management.
If you get too warm, remove
a layer or open some of the clothing's fasteners to get ventilation.
clothing made so you can leave some parts open--such as the collar and cuffs--to
let in cool air if you need to.
You want to avoid overheating and sweating,
Sweat makes clothing next to your skin wet, and wet clothing can't insulate
What's more, as sweat evaporates, you'll chili in a hurry, especially in
Sweating leads to rapid evaporative cooling.
The latest Polartec
fabrics by Malden Mills insulate and wick moisture away from the skin, while
outer garments made with silicone-encapsulated fibers by Nextec Applications,
Inc. allow sweat to escape while being highly water and wind-resistant.
is to remove moisture faster than it can be produced.
several layers of loose-fitting clothing:
The extra layers of air will keep you warmer than if you wore one or two
Keep Clothes Dry:
Heat loss is about
20-30 times faster from wet clothes than dry clothes.
Moisture also acts as a
barrier keeping your clothes from breathing.
Materials that Work.
Wool is one of nature’s best insulating materials.
Aside from being warmer
than cotton, wool also dries much faster.
Merino Wool is finer than traditional wool with tiny overlapping scales
that case each fiber, these scales are hydrophobic (water repellent).
it’s a different story, the fiber core is hydrophilic (highly absorbent).
Merino is therefore a wicking fiber and can absorb and release 10 times more
moisture than synthetics.
Each fiber can absorb up to one third of its own
weight in moisture without feeling clammy or wet to the touch.
wool has the ability to absorb and release moisture to cool or warm,
It also has excellent anti-microbial properties,
helping reduce odor build up inside your socks or gloves.
Cashmere Wool and
Specially engineered fiber from INVISTA™ which transports
perspiration away from the skin towards the waterproof, breathable membrane. The
uniquely shaped fibers provide great breathability, even when wet, helping you
to stay dry in all conditions. In moisture management and breathability tests
versus competition, CoollMax® is proven to have the fastest drying rate, the
quickest and most efficient movement of moisture away from the skin and the best
Originally developed under contract for the United
States Army as a replacement for down because down absorbs water and loses its
insulating properties when wet. Primaloft's® unique composition was patented and
the product line was expanded to meet the specific needs of outdoor enthusiasts.
The lightweight and soft Primaloft® insulation core creates millions of air
spaces suspended in the microfibre mesh. Even when forced into the Primaloft®
core, water is repelled and not absorbed by the patented microfiber structure,
soPrimaloft® keeps you warm, even in the wet.
An advanced technology from DuPont™ that combines high strength
with low weight and comfort with protection. Products made with Kevlar® range
from protective apparel and sports equipment to automotive parts and ropes used
on the Mars Pathfinder.
Kevlar® is five times stronger than steel on an equal
weight basis yet at the same time, it is lightweight, flexible and comfortable.
This unique combination of attributes enables it to provide excellent cut,
abrasion and tear resistance.
AX SUEDE QUATTRO 8:
Engineered to provide superior abrasion
properties, while reducing water uptake. One of the highest abrasion suede's on
the market today, AX Suede Quattro 8 palm can withstand the constant friction of
a multitude of activities.
This suede also resists water uptake making it
less moisture absorbent, improving the control you have.