Answer is no.
What determines if a fish is a native species?
Striped bass are naturally spawning in the Arkansas River and Red River.
Are they considered Native to the Arkansas
River, Red River and / or state of Arkansas?
A native species is an organism that is living in an area for entirely natural reasons with no human intervention involved.
This may be because the organism evolved in that environment or because it migrated by a variety of means.
A native fish is any species of fish that are found naturally among inland waterways.
Over time, a native species (plant or animal or marine) usually evolves to perfectly fit in the environment where it has settled.
The Arkansas River flowed unimpeded to the Mississippi river for thousands of years and the Mississippi has
the Gulf Strain
of Striped Bass.
We also know the gulf was a natural environment for striped bass and that the University of Southern Mississippi has an ongoing
Striped Bass Restoration Project.
National Fish Hatchery Historical Range shows Striped Bass were once common
in the rivers and estuarine environment of the Northern Gulf coast. They were
found from Texas to the Suwannee river, Florida, and inland to St.
Louis, Missouri on the Mississippi River.
Historical reports indicate
the fish were landed commercially from the late 1800's through the early 1960's.
Striped bass in Gulf drainages are considered a separate strain from
populations along the Atlantic coast. Characteristics such as the number of
lateral line scales and fin rays are used to distinguish Atlantic and Gulf
striped bass populations. Striped bass are usually considered an
anadromous cool water species, meaning that they migrate from saltwater to
freshwater to spawn.
However, Gulf-strain striped bass are primarily
riverine and typically do not make extensive coastal migrations, which are
characteristic of striped bass populations along the Atlantic coast.
movements of striped bass in their southern range may be limited because
coastal water temperatures of the Gulf region are much warmer than the upstream
portions of large rivers.
Although it has been
hypothesized that Gulf-strain striped bass are more tolerant of higher
temperatures than Atlantic striped bass, Gulf-strain striped bass tend to avoid
temperatures higher than 77° F. Thus, striped bass within the southern extent
of their range would be more likely to find suitable temperatures within large
rivers rather than in the coastal and
estaurine waters of the
Is the Striped Bass a native fish of Arkansas?
While it may be possible the Striper has been native to the Arkansas River for may years, the answer to the question is at this time,
until more research is completed, is NO:
We know the
Arkansas River has a naturally reproducing population of Striped Bass now.
Is is it possible striped bass traveled up the Arkansas
River in the past?
What we know about documented Data of how far
Striped bass travel.
The answer would be. It is possible.
Striped Bass Research on the Arkansas River.
As more research is done we are looking for striper catch stories or
pictures from the Arkansas River, Ouachita River or Red Rivers prior to the
Lock and Dams.
The Striped Bass Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico, United
A Regional Management Plan 2006 Revision
published by the
GULF STATES MARINE FISHERIES COMMISSION
TEXOMA STRIPED BASS MANAGEMENT/RESEARCH
Identified striped bass
spawning sites on Red River